- This event has passed.
April 20 @ 8:00 am - May 30 @ 12:00 am
Contemporary Art Space present to you an exhibition by Vakho Bugadze named as ALEPO, that’s will be open at our space on 20th of April at 18:00.
Artist’s reflection to the conflict in Syria.
…Only images left in my mind when I found out what happened there…
Aleppo, known in Arabic as Halab, is Syria’s second largest city in addition to being the country’s business capital. For centuries, Aleppo was one of the major cities of the Ottoman Empire, alongside Constantinople and Cairo. With a population of over 2 million, it was Syria’s largest-populated city before the dawn of the Syrian Civil War, which broke after the revolution of 2011. An ancient metropolis, Aleppo is one of the oldest continuously inhabited cities in the world. It is estimated to have been inhabited since the 6th millennium BC.
The Battle of Aleppo (Arabic: معركة حلب) was a major military confrontation in Aleppo, the largest city in Syria, between the Syrian opposition (including the Free Syrian Army (FSA) and other largely-Sunni groups, such as the Levant Front and the al-Qaeda-affiliated al-Nusra Front) against the Syrian government, supported by Hezbollah, Shia militias and Russia, and against the Kurdish-led People’s Protection Units (YPG). The battle began on 19 July 2012 and was part of the ongoing Syrian Civil War. A stalemate that had been in place for four years finally ended in July 2016, when Syrian government troops closed the rebels’ last supply line into Aleppo with the support of Russian airstrikes. In response, rebel forces launched unsuccessful counteroffensives that failed to break the siege; in November, government forces embarked on a decisive campaign that resulted in the recapture of all of Aleppo by December 2016.
The large-scale devastation of the battle and its importance led combatants to name it the “mother of battles or “Syria’s Stalingrad”. The battle was marked by widespread violence against civilians, alleged repeated targeting of hospitals and schools (mostly by pro-government Air Forcesand to a lesser extent by the rebels), and indiscriminate aerial strikes and shelling against civilian areas. It was also marked by the inability of the international community to resolve the conflict peacefully. The UN special envoy to Syria proposed to end the battle by giving East Aleppo autonomy, but the idea was rejected by the Syrian government. Hundreds of thousands of residents were displaced by the fighting and efforts to provide aid to civilians or facilitate evacuation were routinely disrupted by continued combat and mistrust between the opposing sides.
Jan Egeland, Special Advisor to the UN Special Envoy for Syria, called the bombardment and destruction of the city a “dark chapter” in modern history:
We all feel strongly that the history of Aleppo through this war will be a ‘black chapter’ in the history of international relations. It took 4,000 years to build Aleppo, hundreds of generations, yet one generation managed to tear it down in four years. Aleppo, for three thousand years, gave to the world civilization and world civilization was not there to assist the people of Aleppo when they needed us the most.
In his last press conference as the United Nations Secretary-General on 16 December 2016, Ban Ki-moon declared: “Aleppo is now a synonym for hell”. The UN High Commissioner for Refugees delivered a statement on 17 December 2016, calling for an immediate end to the war in Syria: “With the situation in Aleppo, Syria’s war has reached an historic low… Aleppo has become a metaphor for the disastrous situation that Syria is in today, with half the population having been forced from their homes.”